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© Mr Richard Hunter

IoE Number: 208839
Location: LONDON REGIONAL TRANSPORT HEADQUARTERS, 55 BROADWAY SW1
  WESTMINSTER, CITY OF WESTMINSTER, GREATER LONDON
Photographer: Mr Richard Hunter
Date Photographed: 06 November 1999
Date listed: 09 January 1970
Date of last amendment: 09 January 1970
Grade II

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TQ 2979 SE and NECITY OF WESTMINSTERBROADWAY, SW191/45 100/4No 55 (London RegionalTransport Headquarters)9.1.70

TQ 2979 SE and NE CITY OF WESTMINSTER BROADWAY, SW1 91/45 100/4 No 55 (London Regional Transport Headquarters) 9.1.70 - II London Transport (now London Regional Transport) Headquarters, arcade and station concourse. 1927-29, by Charles Holden who included important sculpture programme in design; commissioned by Frank Pick. Portland ashlar faced, steel framed, cruciform building developing Holden's earlier theme of stacked cubic masses in a remarkably frank modern idiom for an office building of this date in London, which nevertheless retains classical references in its architectural detailing. Built on difficult tapering corner site the design ingeniously and functionally accommodates both the needs of the underground station (with concourse and cross axis of arcade between Broadway and Petty France) and a large number of offices, by means of 2 storeys covering the whole site, over the centre of which rises a 175 ft high tower with 4 spur wings carried out to perimeter, rising 5 storeys above 2nd floor with splayed corners and with 3 further storeys stepped back in stages to the 3 tiered blind attic with north and south porticoes in antis and clock face above to east, comprising the top-most stages of the tower. The spur wings are connected by diagonal arches at 7th floor level in re-entrant angles with tower. The ground floor has screen of granite columns in antis with block capitals, as office entrance portico to east end of spur-wing facing Tothill Street and travertine plain surrounds to broad arcade entrances on Broadway and Petty France. Principally vertical, shallowly recessed, metal casements with glazing bars (reminiscent of Georgian sashes). Exceptional features of the design are, the important sculptures commissioned by Holden from Jacob Epstein ('Night' and 'Day'), and the high set horizontal reliefs of the 'winds' by Eric Gill, Henry Moore, A Wyon, E Aumonier, A H Gerrard and F Rabinovitch, considered revolutionary at the time and particularly controversial in Epstein's case. Memorial tablet to Lord Ashfield with bronze medallion portrait on north-east ground floor corner splay. The tower functions as service core with lifts, stairs etc. The arcade is lined with bronze fillet-trimmed shop fronts at Petty France-concourse end with lift hall in centre; travertine facings and paving; operational dials brass mounted on bronze trimmed glass panel by lift hall; the booking hall part of concourse has been altered. The Man Who Built London Transport; Christian Barman.

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