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© Mr Myk Briggs LRPS

IoE Number: 255700
Photographer: Mr Myk Briggs LRPS
Date Photographed: 06 May 2000
Date listed: 19 January 1952
Date of last amendment: 15 May 1986
Grade II*

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SJ 32 SWOSWESTRY RURAL C.P.WOOLSTON10/222St. Winifred's Well-(formerly listed as the WellHouse in West Felton C.P. )

SJ 32 SW OSWESTRY RURAL C.P. WOOLSTON 10/222 St. Winifred's Well - (formerly listed as the Well House in West Felton C.P. ) 19.1.52 - II* Holy well and well house. Probably late C15/early C16 on earlier site, later additions and alterations. Well: regularly coursed dressed sandstone blocks; cottage: timber framed with painted brick infill, slate roof. Cottage is a single-storey T-plan with gable projecting over well. Framing: massive close-set vertical posts throughout with V-struts from collar to gable; boarded-over window to left of central boarded door on north side, integral yellow brick end stack to right with original shaped window-head below largely obscured by wooden lean-to. Well: consists of inner chamber over spring beneath cottage approached through narrow entrance to right; this inner chamber has a round-headed outer arch over low stone wall with moulded rectangular (? image) niche above, leading into a rectangular stone basin; this has a flight of 4 steps to each side and the water drains through a hole in the wall at the bottom end into a square basin below; this is also approached by steps to left and right and the water drains through a hole at its bottom end into the stream below. Interior: inspection not possible at time of re-survey (July 1985) but said to contain an arch-braced collar beam roof in 3 bays with cusped struts forming quatrefoils and cusped wind braces. The well commemorates the miracle of a spring gushing forth on the spot where the body of the C7 Saint Winifred rested on its journey from Holywell to Shrewsbury; the present structure was probably built at the expense of Margaret, Countess of Beaufort, wife of Henry VII, who also re-built the larger pilgrimage centre at Holywell. A datestone said to be inscribed 1635 at the right of the entrance to the well's inner chamber was not visible at time of re-survey and there is no evidence to support the suggestion that the structure above the well was once a chapel. B.O.E. p. 323; Trans. Salop. Arch. Soc. XXVII (1904) pp. 310-12; Salop County Sites and Monuments Record, PRN 13169.

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