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© Mr Alan Francis Polaine

IoE Number: 284154
Photographer: Mr Alan Francis Polaine
Date Photographed: 29 July 2005
Date listed: 14 July 1955
Date of last amendment: 14 July 1955
Grade I

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TL 97 SWEUSTONEUSTON PARK5/33Church of St.14.7.55Genevieve

TL 97 SW EUSTON EUSTON PARK 5/33 Church of St. 14.7.55 Genevieve - I Parish church. 1676: rebuilt by Lord Arlington on the foundations of the medieval church. Exterior rendered and lined, with freestone quoins and dressings: slate roofs. West tower, nave, chancel, north and south aisles, north and south transepts, and a vestry to the south of the chancel. The tower appears to have a medieval core: in 4 stages, with diagonal buttresses to all 4 corners, and a pierced parapet with pinnacles at the corners. Louvred window openings to all 4 sides of the top 2 stages, and on the west only on the 2nd stage, all with the same Classical arched form. The remainder of the exterior has rusticated and chamfered quoins, plain parapets, and 2-light windows with round arches and a circle over (Venetian tracery - cf. Pevsner, 'The Buildings of Suffolk'). Circular windows to the clerestory, and a simple single-light east window with rounded head. Entry to the church is through the west end of the tower: panelled double doors in a semi-circular arched surround, up a rounded flight of steps. Matching entries on the north and south have been blocked. The inner entrance doorway, through the east wal of the tower, is similar but higher and more ornate than the outer doorway: entablature with moulded cornice surmounted by the Royal Arms, modelled in plaster. Cross-vaulted roofs to base of tower, nave, crossing and chancel, with plaster bands of guilloche ornament along the groins, and acanthus-leaf on capitals. Round the 4 arches of the crossing are wider plaster panels with formalised flowers in relief. The aisles, in 2 bays, extend the full length of the nave: the eastern bay of the south aisle has a large wall monument to Lord Arlington (d.1685) and an ornate plaster ceiling, decorated with fruit and flowers in high relief. This bay contains the family pew. On each side of the south transept window the reveals have been painted with panels of formalised foliage, which have been copied in high relief in panels of plaster down the sides of the chancel arch. All the interior woodwork is of the late C17: low box-pews in the nave and transepts with sunk fielded panels and raised moulded surrounds, double hinges and brass knobs. The low screen with openwork carving, the splendid pulpit, formerly with a sounding-board, and the reredos, all have fine ornate carving in the style of Grinling Gibbons. 4 early C16 brasses from the medieval church are set into the floor of the chancel. Late C19 alterations included in replacement of the font and the communion rails, and a carved panel of the Last Supper added to the reredos. The church contains memorials to the Dukes of Grafton, and other members of the Fitzroy family, in stained glass (north transept window of c.1865 to the fifth Duke), marble, and notably in small ornate brass panels on the walls. A photograph in the nave shows the interior before 1875, and there is a framed copy of the permit issued to Lord Arlington by the Bishop of Norwich to take down and rebuild the church.

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