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© Ms Marilyn Shenton ARPS AMPA

IoE Number: 335592
Photographer: Ms Marilyn Shenton ARPS AMPA
Date Photographed: 15 August 1999
Date listed: 29 April 1968
Date of last amendment: 21 August 1985
Grade I

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SK49NWWENTWORTHCORTWORTH LANE(south side, off)5/85Rockingham Mausoleumincluding obelisks

SK49NW WENTWORTH CORTWORTH LANE (south side, off) 5/85 Rockingham Mausoleum including obelisks and railed enclosure 29.4.68 (formerly Listed as The GV Mausoleun Nether Hough) I Cenotaph. 1784-1793 by John Carr of York for William Wentworth Fitzwilliam in memory of his uncle,Charles Wentworth, 2nd Marquis of Rockingham and Prime Minister at the time of his death in 1782. Ashlar sandstone; iron-railed enclosure. Tiered 3-stage monument with 4 freestanding, diagonally-set, obelisks; all within circular enclosure. Doric lower stage; Corinthian upper stages. 5-step plinth. Rusticated lower stage has doorway on side facing Wentworth Woodhouse (q.v.). Double door in corniced architrave flanked by columns with full entablature and pediment. Other sides have boarded windows in matching surrounds and aedicules. Doric frieze and cornice with standard elements. 2nd stage : paired columns flank round-arched openings, sarcophagus within. Each opening with archivolt and console-shaped keystone. Entablature surmounted by large urns (one missing). 3rd stage : peristyle colonnade with domed cupola. Interior : robed statue of Charles Wentworth by Nollekens, pedestal inscribed with epitaphs in prose by Edmund Burke and in verse by Montagu (statue now set within iron cage). 4 niches set round have paired bust bases inscribed with the names of Rockingham's closest friends : Edmund Burke, Charles James Fox, Admiral Keppel, Lord John Cavendish, John Lee, the Duke of Portland, Frederick Montagu and Sir George Saville (the busts, all by Nollekens, now removed to safety). 8 fluted columns support dome decorated with Adam-style plasterwork. Obelisks: pedestals have moulded plinths, die with fielded panels and cornices. Plain shafts with vase finials. Enclosure : railings have stout, pointed, bars set in round-topped plinth wall; plain top rail; matching gate opposite doorway. The monument was largely complete by 1789, the obelisks originally from the west front of Wentworth Woodhouse were removed to this site in 1793. At time of resurvey main structure strapped by ironwork, timber shoring to 2nd stage arches and brickwork within iron-banded colonnade of 3rd stage. The architectural splendour of the monument is at present marred, never- theless it retains all its importance in the local landscape. R.B. Wragg, 'The Rockingham Mausolem (1784-1793)', Yorkshire Archaeological Journal, vol 52, 1980, pp 157-166.

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