© Mr Richard Bland ARPS
FACTORY BUILDING, FORMERLY OF GIFFORD FOX AND COMPANY LIMITED, HOLYROOD STREET (east side)
CHARD TOWN, SOUTH SOMERSET, SOMERSET
Mr Richard Bland ARPS
23 August 2000
29 July 1976
Date of last amendment:
13 December 1993
The Images of England website consists of images of listed buildings based on the statutory list as it was in 2001 and does not incorporate subsequent amendments to the list. For the statutory list and information on the current listed status of individual buildings please go to The National Heritage List for England.
756-1/4/160 HOLYROOD STREET
Factory Building,formerly of Gifford F
ox and Company Limited
(Formerly listed as:
OLD FACTORY BUILDING OF GIFFORD FOX AN
D COMPANY LIMITED)
Lace factory, now industrial units. c1820-30. Built of red brick with ball finials surmounting stepped copings of gabled slate roof. Rectangular plan. 5 storeys; 10-window range. Flat gauged brick arches over C20 windows. Large brick external stack with moulded cornicing to east elevation. Entry in mid C20 block to south. INTERIOR: fireproof construction with cast-iron columns to vaulted brick ceilings and arched iron roof trusses with circular compression members. The lace or plain net trade became established after 1820 by manufacturers who fled from the Luddite resistance they had faced in the Midlands.
NOTE: In 1848, on the 4th floor of the mill, John Stringfellow [1799-1883] achieved the first sustained powered flight with a 10-foot wingspan model aeroplane powered by a light-weight steam engine. The flight was repeated in a marquee in Cremorna Gardens, London, later in 1848. The model aeroplane and the steam engine were designed and built by Stringfellow, probably in his workshops behind his house, No.121 High Street, listed grade II. Stringfellow was a bobbin and carriage maker from Nottingham.
SOURCES: Buchanan CA: Industrial Archaeology of Central Southern England: London: 1980-: P.123.  Penrose, H., An Ancient Air, Airlife Publishing Ltd. 1988.