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© Mr Richard Storey

IoE Number: 466792
Photographer: Mr Richard Storey
Date Photographed: 17 April 2006
Date listed: 07 August 1952
Date of last amendment: 07 August 1952
Grade I

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BURY ST EDMUNDSTL8563NECROWN STREET639-1/11/320(East side)

BURY ST EDMUNDS TL8563NE CROWN STREET 639-1/11/320 (East side) 07/08/52 Church of St Mary and attached wall and railings GV I Parish church. C14 and C15, on an earlier site. In flint and stone, ashlar-faced on the south and west; lead-covered roofs. PLAN: nave and chancel, north and south aisles, north-west tower. EXTERIOR: embattled parapets to nave and aisles. The south aisle, in 14 bays, has 3-light transomed and traceried windows with 2-centred arches; stepped buttresses between the windows and a diagonal buttress at the south-west angle. The last 4 bays to the east were an extension forming a chantry chapel given by Jankyn Smith between 1463 and 1473. He also gave the slightly earlier extension to the north aisle to form a chapel, and the sanctuary. The west front is similar to that of the Cathedral of St James, Angel Hill (qv) with crocketed finials, a stepped gable to the nave and a 5-light transomed window; 4-light transomed windows to the 2 aisles. An empty canopied niche on each side of the west door. A stepped east gable to the nave with 2 rood-stair turrets which have tall crocketed spires and finials. The battlemented C14 tower is flint-faced in 3 stages with stone string-courses in between. Stepped angle buttresses, stone-faced, with flint panels. The south side, and part of the east and west sides, project into the north aisle, and this reduces the number of windows. A 3-light traceried window to each face of the top stage; 2-light windows to the middle stage, and on the west side 2 long narrow 2-light transomed windows to the 1st stage. Re-used C14 north doorway within the Nottyngham porch. This ornate porch, built in memory of John Nottyngham and his wife, dates from the 1440s and is stone-faced, with pinnacles, a crocketed gable and 3 niches above the entrance. The stone vaulted ceiling is panelled with a wheel of blank arches and an open pendant as the hub. A short stretch of the precinct wall of the Abbey of St Edmund adjoins the north-west angle buttress of the tower: the stone quoins of the buttress stop near the top of the wall, which rises to approx 4 metres in part, dropping to between 1 and 2 metres. A later doorway has been cut through it. Attached to the north-west corner of the west front is a 60m stretch of C19 cast-iron railings approx 1m high, which divide the churchyard from Crown Street. Set on a low stone plinth. The railings, which have square shafts set diagonally, topped by fleur-de-lys finials, are divided into short bays by main verticals with iron-twist to the shafts and 4-way fleur-de-lys finials, and include a small gate. A stretch in similar style and materials 74m long is attached to the south-west corner of the west front and runs down the south side of the church along Honey Hill. This includes 2 pairs of double gates. INTERIOR: nave arcades in 10 bays with very tall shafted arches. Small capitals on thin triple shafts to the arch openings only. Impressive nave roof in which hammer-beam trusses alternate with moulded arched-brace trusses. Large recumbent angel figures to the hammer-beams, thought to represent the procession at the Coronation of the Virgin. Carved spandrels to the arched braces; tracery to the collar-braces; wall-plates with demi-angels; wall-posts resting on corbels with carved figures. Above the chancel arch a window inserted by Cottingham in the 1840s has 6-pointed star tracery. The C14 wagon roof in the chancel has cusped panels with carved bosses and a painted cornice with angels carrying scrolls. The former Lady Chapel in the south aisle was converted to a chantry chapel by John Baret (d.1467); it has a boarded and painted ceiling with panels, each bearing his motto 'Grace Me Governe'. Against the south wall, his table tomb with a cadaver monument lying upon it. (BOE: Pevsner N: Radcliffe E: Suffolk: London: 1974-: 142-144; Paine C: St Mary's Bury St Edmunds: Bury St Edmunds: 1986-).

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