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© Mr Peter Tree

IoE Number: 466877
Location: 81 GUILDHALL STREET (west side)
Photographer: Mr Peter Tree
Date Photographed: 09 October 2003
Date listed: 07 August 1952
Date of last amendment: 30 October 1997
Grade I

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BURY ST EDMUNDS TL8564SW GUILDHALL STREET 639-1/14/404 (West side) 07/08/52 No.81 (Formerly Listed as: GUILDHALL STREET (West side) Nos.81, 81A, 82 AND 82A) GV I House, now offices. C18, with alterations and additions made from 1789 to 1791 by the architect John Soane for James Oakes, yarn merchant and later banker of Bury St Edmunds. Red brick; part pantiled, part slate roofs. EXTERIOR: 2 storeys, cellars and attics; a centre block with 2 flanking pedimented wings. The centre block has a stuccoed parapet with a Ketton stone cornice, dentils and a plinth. 5-window range, arranged 2:1:2 with the centre breaking forward slightly: all 12-pane sashes in flush cased frames with flat gauged arches. A raised brick band at 1st storey window sill level. 3 segmental-headed dormer windows. The central doorway has a 6-panel door and a semicircular fanlight with heavy ornate glazing; a fine Tuscan doorcase with an open pediment and engaged columns. The pedimented wings to north and south, added by Soane, are linked to the centre block by narrow slightly recessed bays which have a single sash window in plain reveals on the upper storey and a 6-panel door with a plain rectangular fanlight below. The wings each have a 12-pane sash window to the upper storey in plain reveals with a flat gauged arch. A tripartite sash to the ground storey, set in a segmental-arched recess, has a lintel ornamented with 9-leaf paterae. A circular lunette in the tympanum of the pediment. The north wing was designed as a counting-house with a dining parlour for customers above: after 1794 it became the premises of Oakes' Bury & Suffolk Bank. The south wing contained a dining-room with drawingroom over. To the north and south of the wings are flanking stretches of screen wall with brick dentilled parapets; each of 3 bays, with recessed panels divided by pilasters. On the ground storey the south wall has two 6-panel doors and one sash window; the north wall has one 6-panel door. 2 rear wings: that on the north with a mansard roof, slated on the upper slope, plaintiled on the lower. Facing St Andrew's Street north, an early C19 range in brick and flint, originally part of the yarn warehouses of James Oakes, has a C20 link with the main building. INTERIOR: extensive brick-lined cellars below the original centre part of the building. Within the central range, a fine late C18/early C19 geometrical stair and balustrade with a moulded wreathed and ramped handrail, fluted open strings and delicate turned balusters. A simpler rear winder stair has a wreathed handrail and stick balusters. The area between the 2 parallel rear wings has been made into a large 2-storey hall with C20 roofing. A sash window in the former back wall is semicircular headed with radiating glazing bars. The Soane extensions to north and south have internal window shutters with sunk panels. At the north end, a fireplace with a fluted architrave and paterae. (BOE: Pevsner N: Radcliffe E: Suffolk: London: 1974-: 151).

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