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© Mr Jonathan Brooks

IoE Number: 479359
Location: ARUNDEL HOUSE, 12 AND 13 ARUNDEL TERRACE (north side)
Photographer: Mr Jonathan Brooks
Date Photographed: 11 August 2005
Date listed: 13 October 1952
Date of last amendment: 13 October 1952
Grade I

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BRIGHTON TQ3303SW ARUNDEL TERRACE 577-1/55/11 (North side) 13/10/52 Nos.1-13 (Consecutive) Arundel House (12 and 13) I Terraced houses. 1824-1828. Designed by Amon Wilds and Charles Augustin Busby for Thomas Read Kemp. Stucco. Roofs of Nos 10, 12 and 13 of slate, the rest obscured by parapet. EXTERIOR: 3 storeys and attic over basement; Nos 8 and 12 have dormers as well. 3 windows each. The entire terrace treated as a single, bilaterally symmetrical composition of projecting, porticoed bays and recessed, connecting ranges. The centre 5 units, Nos 5-9, have giant Composite pilasters and columns, detailed below; the giant Composite order appears again on the end units, Nos 1 and 13 (the latter part of Arundel House). The rhythm of constituent bays can be notated thus: ac, b, b, b, aa, a, c, a, aa, b, b, b, ac. Apart from this overall emphasis the architects gave the terrace visual unity by treating the ground floors as a base of banded rustication from which the giant orders rise; the boldly scaled entablature and cornice are continuous across the terrace as well. The climax of the composition, labelled "c" above, is No.7, which projects further forward than any other unit, its ground floor serving as a true base for giant tetrastyle portico of Composite columns to the first and second floors; responds of Composite pilasters; the entablature capped by a balustrade which encloses the only attic porch. The windows of the attic storey, like all those in the pilastered bays are separated into 3 bays by pilaster strips topped by a plain cornice and low parapet. All windows in terrace are flat arched. The flat-arched entrance of No.7 reached by flight of steps, the whole enclosed by a distyle in antis porch, the side walls of which are by windows; only the entrance porches of the end units are of the same scale and type and will be described below. All entrances flat arched, but few with original doors or hardware. French doors to first floor of every unit are exceptionally tall; sashes of original design to No.7, 2 panels to transom, and 3 to each door, margin lights at sides and top; cast-iron balconies to first floor. The entrance of No.7 set to right party wall, the rest whether enclosed by porches or not are set to the left. The ground floors of Nos 5 and 9, labelled "aa" above, project to serve as a base for a tetrastyle portico of giant, attached Composite order: there are pilasters at the party walls and attached columns between. The intermediary centre units, Nos 6 and 8, labelled "a" above, do not project as far forward as any other bay in the centre, but have a giant order of pilaster similar to Nos 5 and 9. The entrances to Nos 3, 5, 9-12 are set under porches of similar design: entablature supported by antae of the Doric order, side walls pierced by round-arched windows. The end units, labelled "ac" above, are, like No.7, "c", wider than the rest; their tetrastyle is made from giant attached columns of the Composite order; entablature and pilastered attic. Arundel House, No.13, has an elaborate return with steps up to a round-arched entrance set under a tetrastyle portico porch of the Doric order; balustrade above encloses a porch. There have been many alterations to the original scheme, some recent and others dating from near the time of completion; these will now be described. There is a continuous cast-iron porch to the first floor and entrance porch of all except Nos 5, 7 and 13. First floor of No.4 has a verandah; the centre window of the attic has been lengthened and now interrupts the cornice. Balcony added to centre-window range, second floor of No.5; door of original design with sidelights and margin lights to overlight. The centre window in the attic of No.6 is blocked. No.8 has been insensitively altered in the late C20: glazed porch to first and second floors encloses giant pilasters and attached columns; attic pilasters gone; C20 balustrade and extra storey added to roof. No.9 currently under restoration; side lights to door; solarium of C20 added to roof of entrance porch. Cornice of No.10 cut back when attic windows lengthened; 4-panelled, studded door of original design; glazing bars of original design to first-floor French door transoms. Solarium of C20 added to verandah over entrance porch of No.11. By far the most noteworthy variation from the common type can be found on No.1. Salomonic shafts added to the corner of the porch which has a cornice of cable moulding, coving and nail heads continuing across the ground floor; all openings have billeted architraves; each ground-floor window has a projecting sill moulded as a cable and a hood moulding in a diamond pattern. The effect of these details is to give an otherwise Classical elevation a decidedly eastern, or "Moorish" flavour, intended as a reference to the Royal Pavilion (qv). The attic windows of No.1 are, unlike the rest in the terrace, camber arched. Stacks to party and end walls. INTERIOR: not inspected. Railings to areas and entrances not enclosed by porches; low wall at east end of terrace closes the range off. HISTORICAL NOTE: No.5 was lived in by the novelist William Henry Ainsworthy (1887-1967). No.13, Arundel House, was finished in 1826 when it was opened as the Bush Hotel by William Bush. In 1850 the hotel was moved and No.13 became a private house; in 1910 it became a rest home and after 1950 a guest house. Arundel Terrace was the first part of the Kemp Town estate to be finished. The complete Kemp Town layout constitutes a most important group. (Carder T: The Encyclopaedia of Brighton: Lewes: 1990-: 81B).

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