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© Ms Denise Rendell

IoE Number: 480053
Location: NUMBERS 1-14 AND CHICHESTER HOUSE AND ATTACHED RAILINGS, 1-14 CHICHESTER TERRACE (north side)
  BRIGHTON, BRIGHTON AND HOVE, EAST SUSSEX
Photographer: Ms Denise Rendell
Date Photographed: 16 April 2005
Date listed: 13 October 1952
Date of last amendment: 13 October 1952
Grade I

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BRIGHTON TQ3203NE CHICHESTER TERRACE 577-1/49/143 (North side) 13/10/52 Nos.1-14 (Consecutive) and Chichester House and attached railings I Terrace of houses. 1824-1855. Designed by Amon Wilds and Charles Augustin Busby for the developer Thomas Read Kemp; the builder Thomas Cubitt, who was one of the Kemp Town Management Committee with Kemp himself and the Rev. James Anderson, built Nos 1-3, and completed the terrace in 1855 with Nos 4-10. Stucco. Roof obscured by blocking course, parapet or additions except for Nos 7, 12 and 14 which are of slate, Nos 4 and 5 of slate turnerised, and Nos 2 and 3 of tile. EXTERIOR: 3 storeys and attic over basement; 3 storeys and dormers to 7, 12 and 14; an extra storey added to Nos 4-6, 8-11 and 13-14 in C20. 3 windows to each; No.14 has also has a 3-window range but is wider than the rest. Busby's original plan called for every third house to have giant pilasters, similar to those built in Portland Place (qv). Cubitt varied the plan. Here follows a description of original design of each unit (except for No.14 which will be described at the end) and then a description of the whole. All openings are flat arched. Steps up to an entrance enclosed in a prostyle porch of fluted Doric columns supporting an entablature with projecting cornice; the side walls have antae stopping short of the columns, each wall is pierced by a single window. To the left of the entrance porch are 2 windows, some of which bear traces of shutter runners; 2 basement windows to area. French doors to first floor open out onto a verandah with cast-iron colonnettes, railings and, underneath, brackets; verandah roof concave in section and projects out to form porch over entrance porch where the roof is supported by elaborate cast-iron stanchions with acanthus scroll brackets. The verandah abuts against a storey band between the first and second floor. Second-floor windows have projecting sills. There is an entablature with projecting cornice to the second floor, the upper fascia of which is level with the sills of the attic windows. The attic storey has a diminutive, plain entablature and then blocking course. Cubitt tried to give a central point of emphasis to the design of the terrace by treating Nos 6, 7 and 8 as projecting bays, with 7 projecting the furthest of the group. This emphasis is dissipated by Nos 3 and 11 which project as far as 7. The resulting bay rhythm can be notated thus: a (Chichester House), c, c, a, c, c, b, a, b, c, c, a, c, c, a, where "b" represents Nos 6 and 8, which project beyond "c" but not as far as "a". The end units, Chichester House and No.14, are the only ones to have received the giant order. The ground floor of Chichester House is treated as banded rustication. Steps up to entrance with over- and sidelights, set under a prostyle porch of fluted Doric columns which stop just short of antae at the end of short side wall; the entablature has a frieze of laurel wreaths; blocking course topped by a balustrade to enclose a first floor balcony. To the right of the entrance rises a full-height segmental bay of 3 windows. Giant pilasters of the Composite order to first and second floors, those framing entrance range are paired. The entablature to the pilasters is continuous with that on the entire terrace, except that the projecting cornice was removed from the bay when the attic windows were lengthened. Plain pilasters applied to attic storey on axes of the giant order below; above each attic pilaster the parapet projects to form a short socle which is topped by an antefix finial. Instead of the first-floor balcony found on the other units, the first-floor windows including those on the return have individual cast-iron balconettes. The design is carried around the return, where there are coupled giant pilasters at the corner and bay, with single pilasters defining the remaining window ranges. A full-height segmental bay rises through 4th- and 5th-window range. The second-window range is blocked. The giant pilasters are used again on No.14, the facade of which is treated as a tetrastyle portico with a corresponding attic pilastrade. Entrance is reached up steps, the whole being enclosed by a distyle in antis porch of fluted Doric columns; the 2 side walls between antae and responds are pierced by one window each; entablature frieze of laurel wreaths. Features of and alterations to units include: verandahs above porches have all been glazed in the C20 except for No.4 where the verandah has been removed; 4-panel doors of early to mid C19 design to all; entrance porches gone from Nos 1-4. There are only a few remaining sashes of original design: 4/4 to the ground floor of Nos 2, 3, 8, 9 and 10; 2/2 to the second floor of Nos 2, 3, 8 and 9; and 2/2 to the attic of No.8. No.1 is in the process of restoration. Stacks to party and end walls. INTERIOR: not inspected. Railings to stairs and areas. HISTORICAL NOTE: Chichester House, which was not at first considered part of the terrace or the development, was completed by 1832 and stood on its own for some time. It was used as a young gentleman's academy; from 1938 to 1944 it was the home of novelist DL Murray, who was an important member of Brighton's literary community. (Carder T: The Encyclopaedia of Brighton: Lewes: 1990-: 81C).

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