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© Ms Denise Rendell

IoE Number: 481314
Location: NUMBERS 41-50 AND ATTACHED RAILINGS, 41-50 SUSSEX SQUARE (east side)
Photographer: Ms Denise Rendell
Date Photographed: 16 April 2005
Date listed: 13 October 1952
Date of last amendment: 26 August 1999
Grade I

The Images of England website consists of images of listed buildings based on the statutory list as it was in 2001 and does not incorporate subsequent amendments to the list. For the statutory list and information on the current listed status of individual buildings please go to The National Heritage List for England.

BRIGHTON TQ3303NW SUSSEX SQUARE 577-1/50/877 (East side) 13/10/52 Nos.41-50 (Consecutive) and attached railings (Formerly Listed as: SUSSEX SQUARE Nos 1-50 (consec) Chester Crt, Prince Mansions, The leas, Sussex Crt & Mansions) I Terraced houses, most now converted to flats. Facades date to 1825-27, with the interiors executed over the next several years. Designed by Amon Wilds and Charles Augustin Busby for the developer of Kemp Town, Thomas Read Kemp; Thomas Cubitt the builder of some of the units. Stucco; return of No.41, brick in Flemish bond. All the gambrel roofs of slate, that to No.41 turnerised. EXTERIOR: 3 windows each. 3 storeys and attic over basement; above the attic storey of Nos 42 and 45 is a single dormer, the former dating to the late C19 or early C20; No.45 has 3 flat-arched dormers above the attic storey. All openings are flat arched. The most striking motif used throughout the group is one found in other designs by CA Busby, most notably in the rest of Sussex Square (qv), Lewes Crescent (qv), and Portland Place (qv): a giant tetrastyle portico of Composite pilasters applied to the first and second floors of every third unit and a plain pilastrade on the same axis to the attic storey. These pilastered bays, which in this group correspond to Nos 41, 44, 47 and 50, project slightly beyond the intermediary units. Features common to each unit and which help to unify the design of the whole include: a ground floor treated as banded rustication; ground-floor windows with projecting sills to all but Nos 42, 43 and 44; French doors to first-floor openings; identical cast-iron railings and brackets to balconies of Nos 41, 45, 46, 49 and 50 and to verandahs of the rest; the latter have concave metal roofs with wood valance boards and cast-iron stanchions; the roof of all entrance porches are extensions either of a balcony or a verandah; storey band between first and second floors; above second floor an entablature with projecting cornice, the upper fascia of which is level with the sills of the attic windows; all entrances with overlights. The level change from north to south in Sussex Square is negotiated by broken joins at the party walls shared by Nos 41 and 42, 44 and 45, as well as 47 and 48. The latter feature produces straight joins between every 3 units, another feature common to Wilds and Busby's work in Kemp Town. There are entrance porches to Nos 41-44, the entrances to which units also have sidelights. The design of each porch is nearly identical: side walls ending in Tuscan antae support an entablature with projecting cornice. The entablature to the porch on No.41 is no longer complete. There are a considerable number of sash windows of an original early to mid C19 design: 2 x 2 to ground-floor windows of No.43; 3 x 6 to second-floor windows of Nos 45, 48 and 50; the second floor of No.47 has 3-pane casement windows with margin lights; 3 x 3 to attic floors of Nos 47 and 50; and 3 x 6 to dormers of No.45. The second-floor windows to No.45 have architraves. Many windows on the ground and second floors are fitted with tracks for shutters. Alterations to the original design include: entablature and attic pilastrade on No.44 altered, 2 of its second-floor windows enlarged; the Composite capitals on No.50 damaged. The return to No.41 has scattered fenestration and steps down to a low service range; like the return to No.10 Sussex Square (qv), the architectural elements of the main elevation are carried around the return but unpainted; walls and gable end are of brown brick. Every unit but No.45 has 4-panel, studded doors of original design; on No.48 the studded mouldings have been removed from an otherwise intact door. Stacks to party walls. INTERIOR: not inspected. Railings to stairs and broad areas are complete. Kemp Town constitutes a most important group comprising Arundel Terrace, Chichester Terrace, Lewes Crescent, Sussex Square and related structures on The Esplanade.

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