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©  Catherine Brown

IoE Number: 61670
Photographer: Catherine Brown
Date Photographed: N/A
Date listed: 26 January 1987
Date of last amendment: 26 January 1987
Grade II

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SX 35 SE AND SX 35 NE ANTONY2/15 & 5/15Scraesdon Fort

SX 35 SE AND SX 35 NE ANTONY 2/15 & 5/15 Scraesdon Fort II Fort. Designed 1859, work started 1860, completed 1865. Snecked rockfaced limestone rubble with stone dressings. An irregular 5-sided fort with entrance to south east; surrounded by a moat. There were 27 guns mounted on the ramparts, and the casements were covered by earth on the northern side to act as a screen to prevent the interior work being seen from high ground on the opposite side of the Lynher River about 200 yards away. Barracks/store rooms around inner sides of walls. Flight to steps at north east side leading down to the moat. Entrance bay has parapet stepped up with splayed openings and 2 lancets; tall round- headed doorway with roll-mouldings and pulleys right and left for the drawbridge, lantern overthrow, double round-headed studded doors. To left of entrance, 12 bays, each with triplet opening of central round-headed casement with voussoirs and narrow single light to each side, 2 similar bays to right of entrance. 2-storey ravelin to right with lancets, blocking course and hipped stone roof. Wall splayed forward to left with lancetsf at ground floor. The entrance has a round brick vaulted roof, with doorway to right to chambers, lantern overthrow at inner arch. On each side of the inner walls, round-arched bays in stone, each arch over central doorway with window opening to each side; parapet. To north east side and south west, a double external stair giving access to the roof, with arches under stairs. All rooms are brick vaulted. On north east side, the tunnel. Circular caponier to north with gun emplacement, with central iron mounting and circular pivoting track with degrees marked. This is a Moncrieff mounting. In 1859, a Commission was formed "to consider the Defences of the United Kingdom", after the pressure of public opinion following the new that the French Navy were building iron-clad warships. This was set up by Palmerston. The design of the forts was in the hands of the Royal Engineers, in the person of Colonel, late Lt General, Sir W.F. Drummond Jarvis RE. Scraesdon Fort was one of the outer line of forts defending Plymouth. Ancient Monument no. 649. (Sources: Rawlings, K.J.: Defence Works Plymouth Area 1300-1983. 1984)

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