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ROMAN AND EARLIER pre 410

The listed structures illustrated here can be used to identify typical features of Roman construction and decoration in England

Use this glossary from the 'Looking at Buildings' website to check the meanings of unfamiliar words.

No buildings from the Roman period have survived in England. Fragments of buildings and isolated structures have survived, often buried beneath the ground; sometimes still visible above ground. In some places later buildings were placed on top of Roman foundations which can still be seen. Many artefacts such as mosaic pavements have been preserved but often moved from their original location.

Some Roman structures are classed as scheduled monuments rather than listed buildings and can be found by searching the Pastscape website

IoE number 304914 © Mr Bob Cottrell ARPS AFIAP DPAGB

Section of Hadrian's Wall with remains of Turret, West Road, Newcastle upon Tyne Circa 122 A.D

An example of a 'broad wall' built of sandstone.

Features include; square turret built into the wall with doorway to the South [English] side.


IoE number 163467 © Mr Douglas Fairbank LRPS

Remains of the city wall of Verulamium, St Albans [no date]

Verulamium was the third largest city and only municipium
of Roman Britain. Sections of the city wall and gateways are visible.

Features include; Roman masonry of stone with courses of thin red tile-like bricks used for levelling.

IoE number 188802 © Mr Brian Arnold

Jewry Wall, Leicester AD 125-30

A fragment of wall approximately 25 feet high said to be the west side of a basilica .

Features include; Roman masonry of stone with courses of thin red tile-like bricks used for levelling.

IoE number 059163 © J M Pickering

Roman Sarcophagus in Garden at Withington Hall, Macclesfield, Cheshire, early third century

A marble sarcophagus of a typical design;

Features include; figures in the centre are the 3 Graces, a common Roman motif, those at each end are a husband and wife; no features on the faces; S-shaped patterning.

IoE number 469762 © Ms Naomi J. Hughes

Shrine statue of Minerva carved in quarry face in Edgar's
Field, Handbridge, Chester, early second century.

Statue [inside a later surround] carved from red sandstone; the only example of its kind in Britain still in its original position.

Features include; Minerva the Roman god of learning frequently used as a motif. ??


Please note Teachers are advised that not all listed buildings are open to the public and that if you or your students wish to focus on a private building issues of privacy and access must be considered.

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Please note that the inclusion of a listed building on this website does not mean it is open to the public.