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Stuart 1603 - 1714

Buildings from the Stuart period can be identified from typical features illustrated in these listed buildings

Use this glossary from the 'Looking at Buildings' website to check the meanings of unfamiliar words.

The architecture of the early years of this period, up to 1625, is known as Jacobean. Timber framing was still common but was generally not exposed from the middle of the century onwards. Windows became larger and more numerous to allow more light into buildings and to show the wealth of the owner.
IoE number 420676_© Lorna Freeman

Burford, Oxfordshire, early/mid seventeenth century

A Tudor building with Stuart frontage.

Features include; two gables with finials; many large window with mullions; end chimney stack; pitched roof; drip moulds over windows made from local stone.

 

IoE number 307604 © Helmut Schulenburg

St John's House, Warwick, c1666

A high status building.

Features include; many, large windows divided by stone mullions; projecting bays; gables, including Dutch style; finials on top of gables; chimney stacks on gable ends; pitched roof with an ornate roofline; symmetrical facade around central entrance.

128522 © Lorna Freeman

House now 2 shops, Long Street, Tetbury, Cotswolds, late seventeenth century

A lower status building, still in the same style but with less decoration.

Features include; two gables, pitched roof; simple casement windows.

IoE number 274429 © Mr Ken Bourne

Ford Old Hall, Grindon, Staffordshire, seventeenth century

A variation on the style from further north also using local materials.

Features include; gable with finial; end chimney stacks; window mullions; pitched roof; only one room deep.

Architect Christopher Wren designed many new churches for London after the Great Fire in 1666. Elsewhere in the country there was little new church building.

IoE number 199590 © Mr Bob Manekshaw LRPS

Church of St Edmund, Lombard Street, London

A typical Wren church in a classical style on a restricted urban site.

Features include; plain rectangular shape; built of Portland stone; elegant tower with lantern; pediment above central section; balustrade on top of front wall.


The early eighteenth century saw the emergence of a new architectural style, known as Queen Anne, which retained features from the earlier Jacobean period and introduced classical elements that were to feature in the Georgian style.

IoE number 205095 © Mr Christopher Strevens

Eagle House, Merton, Greater London, 1705

A high status building.

Features include; built from brown brick with red brick dressings [patterns], steep hipped slate roof, a decorated cornice [Modillion] under the eaves; a pediment over central section; lantern tower; small pane sash windows; dormer windows in the roof; shell-shaped overhanging door canopy; prominent, symmetrical chimney stacks.

IoE number 202465 © Mr Quiller Barrett LRPS

The Butts, Brentford, Greater London, early eighteenth century.

An example of the style as adapted to a lower status house, at this level houses were not always symmetrical.

Features include; dormer windows; hipped roof, red tiles; modillion eaves cornice; small pane sash windows.

Please note Teachers are advised that not all listed buildings are open to the public and that if you or your students wish to focus on a private building issues of privacy and access must be considered

 

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