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National Monuments Record

English Heritage generates and gathers archive material as part of its work in different areas including listing buildings, architectural investigations, aerial survey and archaeological survey. This material is stored in the National Monuments Record [NMR] at Swindon where it is made available to the public.

While this is a growing collection, there is also historical material. Much of this was generated by earlier organisations that have merged either all or some of their functions into the present English Heritage including the National Building Record, RAF, The Ordnance Survey and RCHME. You can find more about the NMR and English Heritage by visiting the English Heritage website.


NMR services for teachers
Wolsingham, County Durham, ref. MAL/76023/frame 54 reproduced by permission of English Heritage.NMR
  • We offer teachers' packs of aerial photographs based on the locality of your choice and including five high quality A3 laser prints complete with teachers' notes and suggestions for classroom activities, click here for an order form
  • Publications For details of publications visit our website.
NMR sources teachers will find useful for local studies include;
  • photographs of all parts of England dating from the 1860s to the present day
  • vertical aerial photographs of all areas of England taken by the RAF and Ordnance Survey between the 1940s and 1980s
  • a large collection of oblique aerial photographs covering most of England and dating back to the 1880s
  • collections of historic photographs by outstanding photographers such as Henry Taunt, Herbert Felton, the firm of Bedford Lemere and Co. and Country Life magazine
  • archaeological records of England compiled by the Ordnance Survey
  • plans of buildings and monuments

St Giles Fair, Oxford, Henry Taunt 1907 ©English Heritage.NMR
These sources can be accessed in several ways.

Some of the historic photographs are now on the web and can be viewed and searched on the Viewfinder site.

You can make a personal visit to the NMR's public search rooms in Swindon or London.

It is advisable to telephone in advance to discuss your requirements, as some material, particularly the vertical air photos and photographers' collections, needs to be ordered in advance.

You can order copies of most sources. There is also a library where you can carry out background research and helpful staff to advise.

The information can also be accessed remotely either by post, telephone or via our website.



Follow any of the links below for more information on finding sources

Find Sources : Archives and Local Studies :
World Wide Web : English Heritage Education Service

Please note that the inclusion of a listed building on this website does not mean it is open to the public.