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© Mr John Spence

IoE Number: 236575
Photographer: Mr John Spence
Date Photographed: 24 April 2007
Date listed: 25 August 1987
Date of last amendment: 25 August 1987
Grade II*

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HEDGELEYCRAWLEYNU 01 NE4/230Crawley Tower,with cottage insideII*

HEDGELEY CRAWLEY NU 01 NE 4/230 Crawley Tower, with cottage inside II* Remains of towerhouse or tower solar. Early C14, with C18 cottage built inside when the ruins were altered to form an eyecatcher on the Shawdon Estate. Massive squared stone; cottage rubble with Welsh slate roof. Rectangular plan, 15.2 x 11.2 metres externally; wall toothings indicate former structure to the north-east. L-plan cottage built against interior of south and west walls. South elevation shows renewed door in C18 opening with small casement window in modified loop to left. lst-floor casement in blocked doorway opening of uncertain date, and 2 original windows at higher levels, each of 2 chamfered lancet lights, mullions now missing. Irregular stepped C18 parapet. West elevation shows remains of another early 2-light window above 2 later windows; C18 embattled parapet. North elevation shows 2-storey pent-roofed cottage inside tower, with various casement and sash windows; above cottage roof, in south wall, is a segmental rear arch, with window seats, of upper 2-light window. Remaining parts of tower east and north walls have C18 crowstepped coping. Cottage has pent single-storey part on exterior of north tower wall, with adjacent outbuilding. Interior of cottage not seen; tower walls 2.6 metres thick, except on north where there was probably a mural stair. Licence to crenellate was granted in 1343, but the architectural features probably pre-date this. Substantial earth works to the north suggest that the tower formed part of a strongly-fortified complex. Northumberland County History XIV 408-10. Adjacent cottages are not of special interest.

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