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© Mr Michael Perry

IoE Number: 263893
Photographer: Mr Michael Perry
Date Photographed: 05 May 2005
Date listed: 04 February 1958
Date of last amendment: 04 February 1958
Grade II*

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ASHILL CP-ST31NW2/14Rowland's Farm House, andattached outbuildings aroundcourtyard on north side,

ASHILL CP - ST31NW 2/14 Rowland's Farm House, and attached outbuildings around courtyard on north side, including well 4.2.58 II* Farmhouse. Late C15-early C16, remodelled in late C16, minor alterations since. Ham stone, some ashlar, some roughly cut and squared with ashlar dressings; double Roman clay tiled roof between high stepped coped gables suggesting former thatch; ashlar chimney stacks with moulded caps. 'U'-plan; 2 storeys with attics, south elevation of 5 bays. Plinth to all but last bay, eaves course, angled south-west corner buttress and bay buttresses: hollow-chamfer mullioned windows with 4-centre-arched lights and incised spandrels under flat heads with labels; the ashlar bay I has 4-light windows at both levels in chamfered recesses, with square-stop labels; to bay 2 a 4-light tall mullioned and transomed window in hollowed recess, and to bay 3 a matching window set to same height but with higher cill and no transome; to bay 5 are 4-light windows at both levels, apparently restored in C20: bay 4 has a projecting 2-storey porch with angled corner buttresses and coped gable, a 4-light window with label above; and below a 4-centre arched open roll-and wavemoulded archway without label, and inside bench seats and a chamfered inner doorway; with blocked single- light windows in returns to first floor level: dormer windows in roof over bays 2, 3 and 5. The east elevation, the closed end of courtyard, quite plain: the west main gable has a short return, and in this and the lower part of main gable are 12-light sash windows of early pattern, with thick glazing bars, the south pair having moulded hoods; the centre window at first floor level a 2-light rectangular-leaded casement under hoodmould. Rear elevation of main block to satch, with the link wing northwards to bay 1, then a small projection, presumably for stair, with simple mezzanine window; opposite the porch a 4-centre-arched doorway, with 2-light window and an attic dormer above; to bays 3 and 4 are 4-light windows set at mezzanine level, with heraldic glass, and between them a proudstanding chimney stack, then a slight projection with plain rectangular windows, the uppper barred, and in short return wing two 2-light mullioned windows and a 4-centre-arched doorway. The west elevation of the closing wing has a simple 2-light window above, and wide boarded door in heavy frame under timber lintel below, with a re-set 2-part stairlight and a casement window alongside. Interior not seen, but reported is a cross-passage and hall plan with alterations and additions mostly made before c1750. The hall has a late C16 timber screen, chamfered cambered-arched fireplace, the plastered celing has sections of a decorated plaster frieze, and above the fireplace, also in plaster, the arms of Elizabeth I, The inner room has a 6-panel ceiling, each panel originally subdivided into 4 more; the walls partly rebuilt apparently before 1750, the stairway off modern, but replacing an earlier stair. The west kitchen has a 4-panel ceiling, and nearby an adapted newel staircase, The link wing at the east end of the courtyard has deep-chamfered heals with step and runout stops, with a clumsy connection at first floor level. The wing to the north of the courtyard may represent an earlier house: the south wall, much restored, retains one early timber-framed window, and a blocked doorway into the east link wing; the north wall has two more early timber windows. The roof frame of this wing has 4 jointed cruck trusses, with some timbers smoke-blackened; there are some traces of windbraces, including one surviving fragment, and there is also a timber-framed gable end. House restored by Raywand Erith in the mid 1970s. (VAG Reports, SRO unpublished, December 1972, February 1973 and January 1980).

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