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© Mr Geoffrey Carver

IoE Number: 382731
Location: HOSPITAL OF ST JOHN WITHOUT THE BARRS AND CHAPEL, ST JOHN STREET (south west side)
  LICHFIELD, LICHFIELD, STAFFORDSHIRE
Photographer: Mr Geoffrey Carver
Date Photographed: 26 September 1999
Date listed: 05 February 1952
Date of last amendment: 17 June 1994
Grade I

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LICHFIELD SK1109SE ST JOHN STREET 1094-1/8/167 (South West side) 05/02/52 Hospital of St John without the Barrs and Chapel (Formerly Listed as: ST JOHN STREET (South West side) St John's Hospital, including Master's House and Chapel) GV I Almshouses and chapel. Founded 1135, by Bishop Roger de Clinton; refounded 1495, by Bishop William Smith, when the almshouse range was built; alterations and additions,1929, and large addition of 1966-7 by Louis de Soissons; chapel extended 1829 and restored 1870. Brick with ashlar dressings; tile roof; ashlar chapel. PLAN: long range with later ranges forming U-plan, with chapel to north. 2 storeys; 9-window range. EXTERIOR: facade articulated by 8 large projecting stacks with offsets, now disused; offset buttress to right end. Entrance between 6th and 7th stacks has Tudor head in architrave with label mould battened door with strap hinges; oval plaque above, erected 1720, records the refounding of 1495, a cartouche above with the arms of Bishop Smith. Most windows are small, with brick sills, chamfered jambs and ashlar lintels, and leaded glazing; larger window to left of cartouche, windows to right of entrance are larger, that to ground floor with brick label, that to 1st floor has 2-light casement with small-paned glazing; right end has 2 small windows to ground floor and later gabled oriel above, with 1:3:1-light single-chamfered-mullioned window. Right return next to chapel has blocked elliptical-headed window and leaded light. Left end has 1929 additions forming canted angle and wing to rear, 1966 additions of single-storey return wing and 2-storey rear wing. Rear elevation has 4-centred entrance to cross-passage with brick arch and niche above with C19 statue. 2-light, 3-light and single-light windows to left; to right are six 2-storey canted bays of 1929 with 1:2:1-light windows. INTERIOR: some flat joists with runout stops; front corridor inserted 1929. Chapel has single-vessel nave and sanctuary, with north aisle of 1829. East end: coped gable with kneelers and offset angle buttresses to right; segmental-pointed window of 5 double-cusped lights, small window of pointed arch above and enriched C19 rainwater head to left; blind return has cornice. North aisle has coped west gable with kneelers and gabled bell cote, angle buttresses; 3-light west window has intersecting tracery; north return has similar windows flanking buttress/stack. South elevation has offset buttresses; double-chamfered pointed entrance to left end; 2-light plate tracery window, lancet, 3-light window and 2-light square-headed window both with Perpendicular tracery, and traceried lancet to right end. INTERIOR: roof has cusped arch braces to collars and queen struts; sanctuary has blocked 3-light square-headed window to north; 3-bay arcade to north aisle has octagonal piers and head stops to hoods; north aisle has king post roof; west end has vestibule with re-used panelling. Fittings: sanctuary has bolection-moulded fielded panelling, fluted frieze and cornice, large central panel with frieze with grapes and wheat; piscina to south with arch over restored bowl; gabled tabernacle to north; encaustic tiles. Aisle has organ to west end and small octagonal font. Monuments to members of the Simpson family to west end and C19 stained glass to south; 1984 east window by John Piper. The hospital was founded as a place of refuge for pilgrims after the city gates were closed, run by a community of Augustinian brothers and sisters; it was refounded as an almshouse and school in 1495, the school becoming the Grammar School in the C16. (Victoria History of the County of Stafford: Oxford: 1970-: P.279-89; Clayton H: St John's Hospital Lichfield: Lichfield: 1984-).

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