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© Mr Neil Short LBIPP

IoE Number: 456834
Location: THE ATHENAEUM, 81 PRINCESS STREET (north east side)
Photographer: Mr Neil Short LBIPP
Date Photographed: 23 September 2001
Date listed: 03 October 1974
Date of last amendment: 03 October 1974
Grade II*

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MANCHESTERSJ8497NWPRINCESS STREET698-1/32/335(North East side)

MANCHESTER SJ8497NW PRINCESS STREET 698-1/32/335 (North East side) 03/10/74 No.81 The Athenaeum GV II* Cultural club, now annex to City Art Gallery. 1837, by Sir Charles Barry; damaged by fire 1874 and then remodelled internally, and attic added. Sandstone ashlar, slate roof. Rectangular plan plus rear extension. Italian palazzo style. Two storeys and basement, plus added attic, a symmetrical 9-window facade, with basement treated as a plinth, raised rusticated quoins, sill-bands, string-course, lettered frieze (see below), very prominent mutuled cornice, and high balustraded parapet with 4 tall chimneys. The entrance, up a flight of stone steps, has a shallow rectangular porch with Roman Doric columns, triglyph frieze, moulded cornice and balustraded parapet, and a round-headed arch to a recessed porch with coffered barrel-vaulted ceiling. Both floors have tall 2-light casement windows with moulded architraves, those at ground floor with cornices and apron sills and those at 1st floor with balustrades and floating pediments. Frieze lettered: "INSTUTVTED MDCCCXXXV ATHENAEUM ERECTED MDCCCXXXVIII". Slated mansard attic roof (added) with wrought-iron cresting. Five-bay side walls in matching style, also with lettered friezes, that on the right side: "FOR THE ADVANCEMENT AND DIFFVSION OF KNOWLEDGE". History; precursor of Italian palazzo style in Manchester architecture.

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