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© Mr Michael J Tuck

IoE Number: 470432
Location: NUMBER 37 STREET, 37 WATERGATE STREET AND ROW (south side)
Photographer: Mr Michael J Tuck
Date Photographed: 26 August 2001
Date listed: 28 July 1955
Date of last amendment: 06 August 1998
Grade I

The Images of England website consists of images of listed buildings based on the statutory list as it was in 2001 and does not incorporate subsequent amendments to the list. For the statutory list and information on the current listed status of individual buildings please go to The National Heritage List for England.

CHESTER CITY (IM) SJ4066SW WATERGATE STREET AND ROW 595-1/3/392 (South side) 28/07/55 No.37 Street & No.45 Row (St Ursula's) (Formerly Listed as: WATERGATE STREET No 37 Street & No 45 Row) GV I Undercroft and town house now undercroft shop with newspaper printer at Row level and above. Probably c1180 to c1280; C16 or C17; largely rebuilt from Row level upward and refronted at street level late C19; altered C20. Sandstone at street and Row levels, timber frame with plaster panels above; slate roof. EXTERIOR: 4 storeys, one bay. Street level has half-glazed shaped double doors with shaped window to each side, under 3 low arches separated by C13-style half columns. The Row front has sandstone end piers, each with corbel to front and carved bracket of long reach to inner side, ending in a pendant; the sandstone balustrade has 3 panels, each with 4 arched openings; modern shopfront. Each upper storey has a tripartite window of 2;4;2 lights; the central portion projects to form a 2-storey square oriel carried on the Row bressumer, with small pentice roof to each side; the third storey has a transom. The ends of posts of the small framing are carved as Ionic pilasters. The hipped roof has a gablet over the oriel, with herringbone struts, plain bargeboards and a truncated bargepost. A modern extension conceals the rear. INTERIOR: the undercroft is of 5 and a half bays; the first half bay is an encroachment on the street; the next 3 bays have oak beams; the rear 2 bays have a quadripartite vault, late C13 or possibly earlier, with chamfered ribs; the rear doorway with a round, continuously chamfered arch suggests that it and the undercroft walls are late C12, the earliest features yet dated in the structure of Chester Row undercrofts; the early masonry continues under the Row, but not under the stallboard. A few panels of C16 or C17 small-framing are visible in the west wall at the stairwell to the third storey; a king-post rooftruss over the fourth storey, probably C19, contains some reused C17 timbers. Included as Grade I in recognition of the special interest of the undercroft. (Chester Rows Research Project: Brown AN, Grenville JC & Turner RC: Watergate Street: Chester: 1988-: 11-16, 23).

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