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© Rev John Musson

IoE Number: 209014
Location: THEATRE ROYAL DRURY LANE AND ATTACHED SIR AUGUSTUS HARRIS MEMORIAL DRINKING FOUNTAIN, CATHERINE STREET WC2
  WESTMINSTER, CITY OF WESTMINSTER, GREATER LONDON
Photographer: Rev John Musson
Date Photographed: 29 September 2007
Date listed: 24 February 1958
Date of last amendment: 23 July 1991
Grade I

The Images of England website consists of images of listed buildings based on the statutory list as it was in 2001 and does not incorporate subsequent amendments to the list. For the statutory list and information on the current listed status of individual buildings please go to The National Heritage List for England.

TQ 3080 NE CATHERINE STREET, WC2 60/18 & 73/1 Theatre Royal, Drury Lane GV I The address and description shall be amended to read:- CATHERINE STREET, WC2 Theatre Royal, Drury Lane and attached Sir Augustus Harris Memorial Drinking Fountain I Theatre. Rebuild of 1811-12 by Benjamin Dean Wyatt with portico added 1820 and Russell Street colonnade in 1831 by Samuel Beazley; the auditorium rebuilt 1921-22 by J. Emblin Walker, Jones and Crombie but retaining Wyatt's reception rooms, foyer etc. Stuccoed facade, cast iron colonnade to Russell Street with brick stucco dressed above and stucco rear elevation to Drury Lane, slate roof. Restrained Grecian detailing. 2 tall storeys on plinth. 5 window wide entrance front (1:3:1). Centre 3 bays of ground floor screened by large austere portico of coupled antae-piers with anthemion band to necks. 3 semicircular arched doorways to hall, recessed for one order in shallow arcade and flanked by engaged circular pedestals supporting cast iron lamps. The outer bays, with semicircular arched openings on ground floor and eared architraved and corniced 1st floor windows, have flanking giant pilasters carrying the deep entablature and parapet. The 3 central 1st floor windows have eared architraves and pediments. The cast iron colonnade to Russell Street has coupled fluted ionic columns carrying entablature with wrought iron lamp brackets suspended between each pair of columns. The interior is unique amongst London theatres in retaining the surviving elements of its original Wyatt interiors: Greek Doric vestibule, oculus-galleried rotunda hall, elegant iron balustraded staircase ascending symmetrically on either side to central 1st floor rotunda foyer with corinthian column screens under coffered dome etc. the 1921-22 auditorium is Empire style, 3 tiers of 2-bay boxes and 3 balconies. Elaborate and important installation of Asphaleia stage machinery etc. Attached memorial drinking fountain on Catherine Street facade. C1897, designed by sydney R.J. Smith and erected by public subscription through the Metropolitan Drinking Fountain & Cattle Trough Association. Bust of Harris by Sir Thomas Brock. Fountain and basin in a round-arched niche in rough-hewn rusticated granite base over which are carved putti forming the centre of a plinth from which rise polished granite corinthian columns, with bronze enrichments of musical trophies and masonic devices at bases, to carry a sandstone pediment. Recessed central niche of enriched pulvinated pilasters carrying a broken segmental pediment beneath which a bronze bust of Harris on a plinth. Sir Augustus Harris was a popular impresario who "resurrected the Drury Lane theatre when it had fallen on evil times". Founded in 1859 the Metropolitan Free Drinking Association (Cattle Trough added 1867) provided free fresh water to many humans and beasts at a time when ale and spirits were easier to obtain than water and most supplies were contaminated the christian association of water with purity of spirit led evangelical victorians to become patrons of the association which provided a catalogue of functional designs although some wealthypatrons used their own. Survey of London; Vol. XXXV The Theatres of London; Mander and Mitchelson. ------------------------------------ TQ 3080 NE and 3081 SE CITY OF WESTMINSTER CATHERINE STREET, WC2 60/18 and 73/1 Theatre Royal, Drury Lane 24.2.58 G.V. I Theatre. Rebuild of 1811-12 by Benjamin Dean Wyatt with portico added 1820 and Russell Street colonnade in 1831 by Samuel Beazley; the auditorium rebuilt 1921-22 by J. Emblin Walker, Jones and Cromie but retaining Wyatt's reception rooms,foyer etc. Stuccoed facade, cast iron colonnade to Russell Street with brick stucco dressed above and stucco rear elevation to Drury Lane, slate roof. Restrained Grecian detailing. 2 tall storeys on plinth. 5 window wide entrance front (1:3:1). Centre 3 bays of ground floor screened by large austere portico of coupled antae-piers with anthemion band to necks; 3 semicircular arched doorways to hall, recessed for one order in shallow arcade and flanked by engaged circular pedestals supporting cast iron lamps. The outer bays, with semicircular arched openings on ground floor and eared architraved and corniced 1st floor windows, have flanking giant pilasters carrying the deep entablature and parapet. The 3 central 1st floor windows have eared architraves and pediments. The cast iron colonnade to Russell Street has coupled fluted Ionic columns carrying entablature with wrought iron lamp brackets suspended between each pair of columns. The interior is unique amongst London theatres in retaining the surviving elements of its original Wyatt interiors: Greek Doric vestibule, oculus-galleried rotunda hall, elegant iron balustraded staircases ascending symmetrically on either side to central 1st floor rotunda foyer with Corinthian column screens under coffered dome etc. The 1921-22 auditorium in Empire style, 3 tiers of 3- bay boxes and 3 balconies. Elaborate and important installation of Asphaleia stage machinery etc. Survey of London; Vol. XXXV. The Theatres of London; Mander and Mitchenson.

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