| Image Album - 1930s
selection of images will be directly relevant for:
- KS2 History study unit 11b 'Britain since 1930'
- KS2 History study unit 7 'Local History'
- KS2 Geography unit 6 'Investigating our Local Area'
- KS2 Citizenship unit 9 'Respect for Property' including section
4 'New Uses for empty buildings'.
You can use the image album in your classroom in a variety
- The images can be dramatically displayed for whole class teaching
on a whiteboard or copied onto acetates and projected on an OHP.
- You can print out individual images or captions or copy them into
a worksheet of your own design.
- Pupils could do further research and show their findings in a presentation
illustrated with these images.
For more ideas on using this image album in the classroom and a
list of useful sources... click here
To find more images on this topic by using the advanced search ...click
For 'How to Guides' on searching or using images ...click
© Students at Brentside High School
Canteen, Hoover Building, Ealing, Greater London
The 1920s and 30s was a period very much influenced by the fact that
a world war had recently ended but people feared another one would break
out. There was an air of wanting to live life to the full and things
like music, fashion, and architecture all reflected a style that was
extravagant, demonstrationg a new freedom of expression. The exhuberant
Art-Deco style of this canteen complemented the main Hoover factory
building beside it, in a prominent position alongside one of the main
roads into central London..
© Mr Quiller Barrett LRPS
Ealing Village, Greater London
This is one of a group of five blocks of flats built in 1934 to house
film stars making films at the famous Ealing Studios. It demonstrates
many features of 1930s architecture; the green pantiles on the roof,
the symmetrical design, the white painted exterior with decorative features
picked out in contrasting colours. The whole site was designed with
large areas of open space and communal facilities such as a swimming
pool. It still has a rural feel despite being close to both the main
railway line into Paddington station and the North Circular Road..
© Mr Adam
© Mr P J Rawson
Telephone kiosk, Hungarton, Leicestershire;
Police Public callbox, Central London.
Even street furniture was stylish. The type K6 telephone kiosk
was designed in 1935 by Sir Giles Gilbert Scott, an eminent architect
who also designed churches. Once familiar they were all scheduled to
be replaced by a more modern design but public protest has led to over
2000 of them being listed and preserved.
In the 1930s few buildings had telephones and mobiles were still sixty
years in the future. These blue phone boxes were provided
to enable people to call the police and for police officers to communicate
with their colleagues.
© Mr Bob Cottrell ARPS AFIAP DPAGB
Carliol House Offices, Market Street, Newcastle
These impressive city centre offices were built for the North Eastern
Electric Supply Company out of Portland stone, an expensive material
that was very popular at this time. During the 1930s water, gas and
electricity companies were thriving as there was a boom in construction
and it was becoming common practice to install these utilities, previously
luxuries, in all new buildings.
© Malcolm Shaw
Midland Hotel, Morecambe.
The 1930s saw major developmens in seaside resorts as well as in city
centres. This particularly impressive hotel has many typical features.
It was built of concrete and rendered brickwork, painted white, on a
curved plan, facing towards the sea. The central staircase bay rises
above roof level and has a tall steel framed window with three sea horses
above, painted red.
There are currently plans to restore this building as part of a major
regeneration of the resort.
© Dr John L. Wishlade
George and Dragon Public House and signpost,
Liverpool Road, Chester.
The late 1920s and 1930s was a time when many new roads were constructed,
or old ones widened, as the amount of motor traffic was increasing rapidly.
Trunk roads between major towns and ring roads to carry traffic around
towns were built at this time.
This public house, built around 1929-31 for the Birkenhead Brewery
Company, on a prominent site along the main Liverpool Road, is an example
of a Road House designed in the manner of an Elizabethan manor-house.
© Mr Peter H. Evans
Newbury Park Station bus shelter, Ilford, Essex
As the road network developed new housing estates were built, spreading
away from town centres where many properties were being condemned as
slums and demolished. As people began to live further away from work
or family, public transport grew both in towns and over longer distance.
This led to an expansion in numbers of bus stations, shelters and huge
© Mr Douglas Fairbank LRPS
Eastcote LRT Underground Station and adjoining
shops, Ruislip, Greater London
As the suburbs of London spread out, the underground tube system grew
and new stations were built. This station was designed in 1936 but not
opened until 1939. The architect designed everything from the platforms
and ticket hall to the shops and even the clocks and signage.
© Mr Daniel Eugenio LRPS
The Beehive, Gatwick Airport, Crawley, Sussex
The changes in road and rail transport were matched by the emergence
of a much newer form of travel. This combined airport terminal and control
tower was built in 1934-3 and was one of the first designs to put passenger
comfort as a top consideration, an indication of the growth in air travel.
This building is still in use but is no longer the main terminal building!
© Mr Glyn Edmunds EFIAP,AMPA,ARPS
Portsdown Hill Road, Bedhampton Hampshire.
Large estates of 1930s semis, detached houses and council houses were
being constructed on what had been the edges of towns. In addition,
architects were designing very striking individual residences and small
developments, often for speculative builders. This house is based on
the Sunspan design, first exhibited at the 1934 Ideal Home Exhibition.
These individual buildings are found in all areas; generally listed
as they were few in number as opposed to the more mass produced houses.
© Mr J J Sheridan LRPS
Former Odeon Cinema, Kings Road, Kingstanding,
When new estates are built the people who are going to live there need
certain services; shops, schools, a church. In the 1930s the focal point
of a housing development was often a cinema.
This large cinema, freestanding on a prominent corner site, was built
in 1935 to serve the growing suburb of Kingstanding. It was part of
the Odeon chain and, although built to an individual design, it was
in their distinguishing style.
© Mr Paul Alistair Bloomer ARPS
Coronation Buildings, Mansfield Road, Carlton,
This row of seven shops was built in 1936-37. Local shops were very
important in the 1930s when very few houses had refrigerators and freezers
were unknown. Many shops would deliver heavy grocery orders as only
richer people had cars at this time.
Many existing town centre shops had new frontages constructed in the
1930s concealing much older buildings.
© Mr A. Gude
The former Addis Factory, Ware Road, Hertford
The offices are all that are left now of this former factory built
in 1935 and very typical of industrial premises built in this period
alongside a major route out of the town.
Whole areas were planned so that the workforce could live in the newly
built estates, close enough to walk or cycle home for lunch.
© Paul Eggleston
Bath-house and amenities block at Kiveton Park
The Kiveton Park Coal Company built this block in 1938 to provide modern
amenities enabling miners to bathe and change after shifts underground.
The colliery companies in this region pioneered this style of Modern
architecture in the 1930s, a time when the coalmining industry was both
expanding and modernising.
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| Ideas for using these images in the classroom
- Use these images either to introduce work on Britain in the 1930s
or as revision.
- Base local study work on an estate in your area built during the
- Visit the area and see how many period features
you can identify.
- Visit your local archives
to find large scale Ordnance Survey maps of the area in the 1920s
- Identify possible estates and ask if they
have any building plans. These may relate to the whole estate,
if built by the local council, or individual streets or houses
if built by commercial builders.
- Using maps and plans identify what services
were provided, shops, cinema, church, school etc and in what order.
- Discuss what services would be provided today
and why the priorities have changed.
- Look for old photographs of slum housing before
demolition and new estates under construction.
- Use information from old local newspapers,
sales brochures or town guides from the period to find out what
residents thought about them and how they compared to where they
used to live.
- Alternatively you may be able to contact people
still living locally who would be willing to share their memories
with your pupils.
- For more information on the sources mentioned
click here .
- Visit a website for further information by
clicking on the topic housing
- Focus on a public building in your area dating from the 1930s.
- Use the Images of England advanced
search to identify some possibilities or to check if the building
you have selected is listed.
- Make a survey of its architectural features
[click here for tips] and identify
how it fits with the period and the architectural style it was
it built in.
- Using the information captions above, suggest reasons
why you think it may have been built. Do some research in your
local archives or on the web to see if you are correct.
- Find out what it was used for and how it is
being used today.
- How do local people feel about it, does it hold memories for
them? Suggest some ideas for how it could be
used in the future.